International Day for the Elimination of Racial Discrimination

As millions remain exposed to racism, equality bodies must be strengthened, say heads of European human rights institutions on International Anti-Racism Day

Today, 21 March, is marked as the International Day for the Elimination of Racial Discrimination. On this occasion, heads of three European human rights institutions have made a joint statement, emphasizing that promoting equality and combating racism are essential to fortify social cohesion and democratic security


Jean-Paul Lehners, Chair of the Council of Europe’s European Commission against Racism and Intolerance (ECRI), Michael O’Flaherty, Director of the EU Agency for Fundamental Rights (FRA), and Ingibjörg Sólrún Gísladóttir, Director of the OSCE Office for Democratic Institutions and Human Rights (ODIHR), emphasized that equality bodies, which play an essential role in countering racism and discrimination, must be strengthened.

Effective and independent equality bodies are major assets in the prevention and elimination of racism and intolerance, said ECRI’s Chair Lehners. “We should strengthen their independence and effectiveness and make sure that they have sufficient resources to address discrimination and intolerance in all fields of life. To help European States to improve equality bodies’ impact, ECRI has just issued new standards on the establishment and functioning of equality bodies”, he added.

“Time and time again we find too many people in Europe don’t know their rights or who can help. Human rights law and equality bodies form the bedrock of strong rights protection but we need to boost awareness to tackle the persistent racism and ethnic discrimination that is all too common in many parts of Europe”, said FRA director O’Flaherty. “We must champion human rights to rekindle tolerance across society. Member States should empower equality bodies to defend victims of racism or issue binding decisions


Equality bodies need to be strengthened, including by ensuring they have the mandate and resources required, as part of a comprehensive effort to address discrimination and intolerance

,” said ODIHR director Gísladóttir. “Equality bodies are essential to effectively respond to discrimination, hate speech and other forms of intolerance. Their efforts complement the role of criminal justice systems, which prevent, investigate and sentence those found guilty of violent forms of racism, such as hate crimes.”

The three heads of institutions concluded on the need to raise awareness, train and educate each new generation of Europeans to stand against racism and intolerance.

Equinet – European network of equality bodies, echoes today’s statement, welcoming the new ECRI standards and other initiatives to strengthen equality bodies and their contribution to the prevention of and fight against racism.

The United Nations designated 21 March the International Day for the Elimination of Racial Discrimination in 1966, in memory of the 69 people killed six years earlier in Sharpeville, South Africa, during a peaceful demonstration to protest the apartheid system.

Via the website of the European Commission against Racism and Intolerance (ECRI)

ECRI General Policy Recommendation No 2

gpr_2_key_topics-9699f-78c59.pngThe new General Policy Recommendation of the European Commission against Racism and Intolerance (ECRI) draws on existing good practices and focuses on the key elements for the establishment and effective functioning of equality bodies. These bodies should be established by constitutional provision or parliamentary legislation, be set up as a separate legal entity outside the executive and legislature, and work without interference from the State or political parties.
Equality bodies should have two key functions:

  • to promote equality and prevent discrimination, in particular by conducting inquiries, pursuing research, raising awareness, supporting good practice, making recommendations and contributing to legislation and policy formation;
  • and to support those exposed to discrimination and pursue litigation on their behalf.

Equality bodies can have an additional function of deciding on complaints of discrimination by taking legally binding decisions to impose sanctions, or by making non-binding recommendations.

ECRI’s Chair Jean-Paul Lehners underlined: “People exposed to discrimination and intolerance often have neither the capacity nor the resources to enforce their rights. Equality bodies, therefore, have an important role in helping them to solve their problems.”

Equality bodies should be entitled to make statements independently and to decide themselves on their internal structure, management of their budget, recruitment and deployment of staff, and their activity programme. Parliaments and governments should contribute to the implementation of their recommendations. Equality bodies should be provided with sufficient staff and funds, and there should be safeguards in place to protect the independence of the persons leading the body.

For more information on the General Policy Recommendation, Equinet’s work on calling for standards for national equality bodies that ensure the potential of equality bodies to support the achievement of full equality in practice, as well as the role of national equality bodies in advancing equality and combating discrimination and intolerance, please follow the link.

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