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Members' Directory

Litigation Powers

This section identifies what litigation powers, if any, our member equality bodies have. These cover:

  • Representing victims in front of courts
  • Bringing proceedings in the equality body’s own name
  • Intervening before the court
  • Formally deciding on complaints (be they legally binding or not)
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Members' Directory

Type

Three different types of equality bodies are referred to by Equinet and others: tribunal type equality bodies, promotion type equality bodies and combined tribunal-type and promotion-type equality bodies.

Predominantly tribunal type equality bodies spend the bulk of their time and resources on hearing, investigating and deciding on individual instances of discrimination brought before them. Some can and do take on certain promotional functions alongside these activities.

Predominantly promotion type equality bodies spend the bulk of their time and resources on supporting good practices, raising awareness of rights, developing a knowledge base on equality and providing legal advice and assistance to victims of discrimination.

A third type of equality body can be identified as a combination of tribunal-type and promotion-type bodies. They hear, investigate and decide on cases of discrimination, but also implement a range of activities to raise awareness, support good practice and conduct research.

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Members' Directory

Functions

Equality bodies are required to provide independent assistance to victims of discrimination. This assistance can involve a range of activities including :

  • providing information about the existence of anti-discrimination laws and about the possibility to take legal action to seek remedy or compensation for an act of discrimination;
  • providing information about the existence of anti-discrimination laws and about the possibility to take legal action to seek remedy or compensation for an act of discrimination;
  • helping people who experience discrimination to come to an amicable settlement/mutual agreement (mediation) with the alleged perpetrators;
  • giving legal advice and representing in front of the courts people who have been discriminated;
  • acting as amicus curiae or third-party intervener
  • Investigating and hearing discrimination complaints as a quasi-judicial body and deciding on the merits of the case, either with a legally binding or a legally non-binding decision.
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Members' Directory

Overview

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Welcome to the European Directory of Equality Bodies!

Welcome to the European Directory dedicated to Equinet’s member equality bodies. Here you can find detailed profiles of each of our members, as well as comparative sections which look at their mandates, functions and accountability.

How does it work?

Click on a tab above or follow the links to go directly to each section.

Equinet Members: The individual profiles of our members offer some background history of each equality body, as well as comparative information regarding its mandates, functions, structure and other statistics.

Mandates: Have a look at the grounds and fields of discrimination that our members cover, as well as other mandates and the scope of their work.

Functions: Find out more about the type of functions our member equality bodies carry out, what activities they do and what litigation powers they have.

Accountability: Different systems of accountability that reflect and ensure the independence and effectiveness of equality bodies exist amongst our members. Find out more under the section on accountability.

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Members' Area

Survey on Social Media use for Equality Bodies

Participate in our survey on social media use for equality bodies by 12th August in order to help us design a practical and relevant training on social media.

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Members' Publications

Annual Report on the activities of the Hungarian Office of the Commissioner for Fundamental Rights

The Hungarian Office of the Commissioner for Fundamental Rights recently published the 2015 Annual Report.