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Members' Publications

Research Report: Causes and motivations of hate crime

This report is the result of work commissioned by the UK’s Equality and Human Rights Commission (EHRC, hereafter the Commission) on the causes and perpetration of hate crime in Great Britain, based on the five protected characteristics covered by current hate crime law: disability, gender reassignment, race, religion, sexual orientation.

The report gives an overview of hate crime evidence to inform criminal justice agencies in their approach, with thoughts from the law, policy and social science.

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External publications

Time for Europe to get migrant integration right

This Issue Paper prepared for the Council of Europe’s Commissioner for Human Rights aims to spark the debate on getting integration right by reviewing available, legally binding Council of Europe and EU standards and the needs in key areas of integration: family reunion, long-term residence, language and integration courses, access to employment and services and democratic inclusion through political rights and citizenship.

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External publications

Diversity is good for business – Promoting diversity is an added value for companies and society

‘Diversity is good for business’ is BusinessEurope’s showcase of concrete examples by member federations or companies in the field of diversity that have already brought tangible results. These were presented to Ms Věra Jourová, European Commissioner for Justice, Consumers and Gender Equality on 4 February 2016 on the occasion of a high-level roundtable on “Business practices on how to improve diversity at all levels”.

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External publications

European Youth Forum: Policy Paper on Equality and Non-Discrimination

The principles of equality and non-discrimination form a cornerstone of the rights-based approach, which is adopted by the European Youth Forum and integrates the norms, standards and principles of the international human rights system into the development, implementation and evaluation of youth policy. One of the key methods of achieving this is by ensuring that youth are not negatively discriminated against on the grounds of age or on any other factor.

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External publications

Gender Diversity on European Boards: Progresses, Challenges & Best Practices

European Women on Boards (EWoB) has published two reports which examine the progress, challenges and best practice regarding women on the Boards of the 600 largest European-listed companies.

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Europe

European Seminar on Fight against racism, xenophobia, homophobia and transphobia

The “HELP in the 28” Programme organised an European Seminar on the “Fight against racism, xenophobia, homophobia and transphobia”, in collaboration with the Spanish School for the Judiciary in Barcelona on 26 and 27 July.

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Members' Directory

Accountability

The systems of accountability that are in place in each country should reflect and ensure the independence and effectiveness of equality bodies.

Different systems of accountability may include reporting to:

  • Parliament, Head of State or National Ministry in presenting and debating strategic plans, annual business plans and annual reports;
  • Relevant auditing authorities in presenting and justifying annual accounts.
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Members' Directory

Mandates

Equality bodies are independent organisations assisting victims of discrimination, monitoring and reporting on discrimination issues, and promoting equality. They are legally required to promote equality and combat discrimination in relation to one, some, or all of the grounds of discrimination covered by European Union (EU) law – gender, race and ethnicity, age, sexual orientation, religion or belief and disability.

Since the implementation of the Racial Equality Directive (2000/43/EC) and the Gender Equal Treatment Directives (the 2010/41 on self-employed persons, the 2006/54 Recast directive, and the 2004/113 Goods and services directive), a wide variety of practices concerning equality bodies exist across the EU Member States. While six grounds of discrimination are protected in EU law, so far, European anti-discrimination law only requires that equality bodies are set up on the grounds of race and ethnic origin and gender. However, many countries went beyond these EU requirements and have bodies that deal with other grounds of discrimination as well.

Equality bodies also cover different fields of discrimination, from employment, through education and healthcare to the provision of goods and services. While many Equinet members deal with discrimination in all fields of life, some are only mandated to deal with one or a few fields. This part of the Online Directory provides information on which fields of life equality bodies cover.

Similarly, while most Equinet members are mandated to work on equality and non-discrimination in both the public and the private sector, some of them only cover one of these sectors.

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Members' Directory

Other mandates

Equality bodies are independent statutory bodies established to implement equal treatment legislation and must have a broad mandate to promote and support the achievement of full equality in practice and to combat and eliminate all forms of discrimination in all areas of society.

In addition to the work being done under European Union equality legislation, Members States are also party to various conventions and agreements in international law and some equality bodies have additional functions relating to these fields of work and international obligations.

While it cannot be exhaustive in covering all the possible combination of additional functions, this section identifies whether or not Equinet member equality bodies also cover Violence against Women, the UN Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (UNCRPD), as well as hate crime and hate speech in their mandate.

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Members' Directory

Activities

Beyond their activities related to individual complaints and litigation, equality bodies can:

  • Conduct independent surveys on discrimination;
  • Publish independent reports and make recommendations on any issue relating to discrimination;
  • Run information campaigns aimed at the general public; and
  • Provide support to employers and service providers on good equality practice.