External publications

FRA publishes reports on hate crime from the perspective of victims

[/The FRA published two reports underlining that hate crime is a daily reality in the EU today. The reports highlight the need for the EU and Member States to make hate crimes more visible and hold perpetrators to account in order to better combat such crime. Both FRA reports look at hate crime from the perspective of victims’ rights. /]


“Making hate crime visible in the European Union”: acknowledging victim’s rights” report

Data collected by the FRA shows that violence and crimes motivated by racism, xenophobia, religious intolerance or by a person’s disability, sexual orientation or gender identity – often referred to as ‘hate crime’ – are a daily reality throughout the European Union.

Victims and witnesses of hate crimes are reluctant to report them, whether to equality bodies, the criminal justice system, non-governmental organisations or victim support groups. As a result, victims of crime are often unable or unwilling to seek redress against perpetrators, with many crimes remaining unreported, unprosecuted and, therefore, invisible. The recommendations given by the FRA report point to the perspective shared by many equality bodies: victims and witnesses should be encouraged to report crimes and incidents, while increasing their confidence in the ability of the criminal justice system to deal with this type of criminality decisively and effectively.

“EU-MIDIS Data in Focus 6 on Minorities as Victims of Crime” report

This report presents data on respondents’ experiences of victimisation across five types of crime: theft of or from a vehicle; burglary or attempted burglary; theft of personal property not involving force or threat (personal theft); assault or threat; and serious harassment.

The average rate of criminal victimisation for all groups surveyed in EU-MIDIS was 24 %, in other words every fourth person from a minority group said that they had been a victim of crime at least once in the 12 months preceding the survey. More ‘visible’ minority groups – that is, those who look visibly different to the majority population – report, on average, higher levels of victimisation in EU-MIDIS than immigrant or minority groups who look similar to the majority population.

Download the full reports:
Making hate crime visible in the European Union”: acknowledging victim’s rights
EU MIDIS 06: Minorities as Victims of Crime

FRA has also published a short video clip introducing the two reports:


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